Food Handler Bylaws and Legislation in Canada
The Food Retail and Food Services Regulations Code (FRFSRC) is a national standard describing the minimum learning outcomes for both operators and food handlers. While the FRFSRC emphasizes the importance of training and highly recommends provincial legislation, it does not mandate food safety training for employees.
All training programs are currently subject to municipal and/or provincial interpretation. Efforts are currently being made to synchronize food safety training programs across the country in recognition of the mobility of food service workers. Certification of food service workers has grown out of public concern for food safety. Policy makers nationwide are searching for new ways to reduce the inherent risks of foodborne illness to the public, in addition to reduced economic costs associated with unsafe food handling practices. It is widely perceived that the most effective tool in managing the transmission of foodborne illness has been achieved through the implementation of compulsory food handler certification. Several Provinces across Canada have taken decisive action by implementing mandatory safe food handling standards for employees and operators, while at the municipal level policy makers have responded to public concern by requiring food handling certification through bylaw enforcement.
This map outlines the provincial legislation and municipal bylaws associated with food handler certification.